Evaluating the Strength of Philosophical Arguments Discussion
- Who has the stronger argument concerning whether we are not free/determinism or free/indeterminism, Holbach or James?
- Who has the stronger argument concerning ethical relativism vs. ethical absolutism, Benedict or Stace?
Example: “I believe Holbach has the stronger argument, and James has the weaker argument.”
- Provide an argument, supported by your own reasons/ideas, to justify why you believe that the position of one philosopher is stronger than the other.
- Include your reasons why you selected one philosopher as having the stronger argument.
- Include your reasons why you feel that the other philosopher has the weaker argument.
Example: “I believe Holbach has the stronger argument and I agree with him because (articulate your reasons).” I believe James has a weaker argument and I disagree with him because (articulate your reasons).”
- Provide an objection to your argument. This will show how someone might disagree with the most important reasons/ideas that you have provided above.
Example: “I can see how someone might disagree with some of the points I made above. S/he might give these kind of countereasons/counterexamples (articulate these counterreasons/countereasons) against the points I made above (articulate these points).”
- Counter that objection, with your reasons/ideas to defend your argument.
Example: “However, I can defend my argument by countering these objections 2 (counterreasons/counterexamples) as follows (articulate your counterreasons/counterexamples to these objections).”