Describe the differences between Roman and Greek civilization.
2 Peer responses:
The differences between Roman and Greek civilizations were marked by religious and social differences. The Religion of Rome developed on the basis of the religion of Greece. The Gods of the Greeks were powers that controlled nature, and they were endowed with human qualities. So those gods have hobbies, flaws. Roman religion did not personify the gods. The Romans devised a ritual to communicate and bind God and man together. (Pg110, P2) Of course, Roman religion was actually inspired by Greece, and the Romans themselves didn’t know much about gods.
They created a religion that belonged to Rome by integrating some Greek gods. In the social aspect, we can first pay attention to the status of women. In Greece, women mainly worked at home, completing child-rearing, farming, and weaving jobs. While the men are out fighting. Women in Roman times were freer than they were in Greek times. They can be seen in some public places with their husbands. Secondly, the development of education also affects the status of women.
Through education, many rich women can talk about some issues that ordinary women cannot talk about like men. ? Pg 110, P3) But even then, there were many people who hated women who talked in general. Because it was a patriarchal society at that time, women were actually controlled by men. A woman’s life is often dominated by two adult men, one her father and one her husband. In Rome, men sometimes took on the role of educating children. Since not all women have access to education, it is natural for men to educate their children. In Greece, there was no male role in educating children, because Greek men would go to war for the honor of their families, for the honor of their country. The wife does all the work for the family.
The first difference between Greek and Roman civilization is that the most valued virtue in Greece was arête while the Romans valued imperium. In Greece, the greatest virtue was courage, manliness and success, which is termed as arête. In Rome, what was valued was imperium’s power, which involved the right to issue commands, carry out arrests, and fines (Pg.99 p 5). It generally meant having the authority to control military or government identity. Another difference is that women play a more significant role in society in Rome than the Women in Greek polis. The women in Rome appeared in public, attended events and were literate (Pg. 99 p 1). However, earlier women were highly dominated by males. But over time, women fought for their space in Roman society and got more freedom.
The women were even allowed to participate in athletic events and watch them. In Greek Polis, the women were treated as the property of their husbands, and they had fewer public roles and did not have citizenship. The third difference is in foreign policy, more so citizenship. When the Roman empire grew, citizenship was extended to the conquered people. Some of the conquered locations near Rome were provided with municipal status and citizenship (Pg. 104 p 5).
For Greek civilization, it was made of many city-states which were isolated, and they discouraged the formation of the empire. Because of this, they did not provide citizenship to those they conquered. Lastly, Greek was organized as a Polis, the community structure that involved each city-state with the surrounding countryside. All the city-states operated separately, and interaction among them was limited. On the other hand, Roman civilization was organized as an empire, one large city-state. Rome was centrally located on a plane bordered by mountains from the east and the west. Rome organized itself as a republic that started with noble families’ leadership before aristocracy was removed (Pg. 101 p 5).