Literary Theories Presentations Eco-Feminist Criticism
Literary Theories Presentations Eco-Feminist Criticism (1960s-Present)
Define and explain the theories.
Provide examples of the theory as it applies to literature in general such as literary canon texts universally known.
Provide examples as it applies to at least 2/3 of the texts discussed in class.
Research 2 academic article that uses the theory to analyze 2 of the texts discussed in class. (Library databases or Google Scholar)
Be presented in both a visual and audio way (in other words, everybody has a speaking part in order to satisfy the course’s oral component).
Make sure that ALL the names of the participants are listed in the first slide. Also, the name(s) of each contributor should be included in ALL the slides for which they are directly responsible.
Follow effective public speaking guidelines discussed in class. (I will share this with you in the upcoming weeks – at least two weeks before your presentations.)
Include an activity that involves the class.
Do not exceed 20-minute limit.
Celebrating the “F” Word: Reclaiming Feminism
By Emily Sendin
*Original POWERPOINT Presentation was a Collaboration with Dr. MIRIAM Frances Abety.
What Feminism Is NOT?
Superior to man
Chip on her shoulder
Wants a free ride
Expects equal pay for less
Who is a FEMINAZI?
Feminazi is a term used pejoratively in popular culture to describe either feminists who are perceived as extreme or radical, women who are perceived to seek superiority over men, rather than equality, or in some cases, to describe all feminists.
Who coined the term?
Tom Hazlett first coined the term
In 1992 Rush Limbaugh popularized it
In a 1996 interview, Gloria Steinem criticized Limbaugh’s use of the term feminazi.
“Hitler came to power against the strong feminist movement in Germany, padlocked the family planning clinics, and declared abortion a crime against the state—all views that more closely resemble Rush Limbaugh’s. “
In her book Outrageous Acts and Everyday Rebellions Steinem discusses
the term as “cruel and ahistorical”
repression of feminism under Hitler
many prominent German feminists were forced to flee Nazi Germany while others were killed in concentration camps.
What is Feminism?
A movement to empower women in all areas of life in which men have significantly had an advantage (social and legal), including, but not limited to:
Social and Social Justice Rights
Three Waves of Feminism in the US
First Wave: (1830s to 1900s) Equal Rights through voting and contract equality
Second Wave: (1960s to 1980s) Equal Rights through reproductive, workplace, gender, and economic rights
Third Wave: (1980s to present) Continue to fight for the social, legal, political, and economic rights of all women
Therefore, the Goal of Feminism in the Third Wave is:
Gender Equality Through;
Intersectional Solidarity (women of all colors)
Equality of Opportunity
Birthplace of Feminism in US as a Movement?
Seneca Falls 1848:
“A Convention to discuss the social, civil, and religious condition and rights of women will be held in the Wesleyan Chapel, at Seneca Falls, N.Y., on Wednesday and Thursday, the 19th and 20th of July current; commencing at 10 o’clock A.M. “
200 Women Attended
Men invited on the second day and 40 attended
Dissention occurred when they wanted the right to vote—became ridiculed
Right to vote: 1920
Lucy Burns Arrested for Picketing in
front of White House for Voting Rights
World War II brought on a new Feminist, Rosie:
Ads of the 1940s
Ads of the 50s
The 50s, Women had to be “Women” Again
1980s on: Woman as Superwoman
Today’s Feminism Emma Watson on Feminism #heforshe
The Double Standard
Are you a feminist?
Feminist Literary Theory
Feminist literary criticism applies the philosophies and perspectives of feminism to the literature we read.
There are many different kinds of feminist literary theory. Some theorists examine the language and symbols that are used and how that language and use of symbols is “gendered.”
Others remind us that men and women write differently and analyze at how the gender of the author affects how literature is written. Many feminist critics look at how the characters, especially the female characters, are portrayed and ask us to consider how the portrayal of female characters “reinforces or undermines sexual stereotypes” (Lynn).
Feminist literary theory also suggests that the gender of the reader often affects our response to a text.
Much feminist literary theory reminds us that the relationship between men and women in society is often unequal and reflects a particular patriarchal ideology.
Feminist theorists invite us to pay particular attention to the patterns of thought, behavior, values, and power in those relationships.
Feminist literary critics remind us that literary values, conventions, and even the production of literature, have themselves been historically shaped by men.
They invite us to consider writings by women, both new and forgotten, and also ask us to consider viewing familiar literature through a feminist perspective. -taken from:
Questions to Consider
Feminist Lens: –
Is the author male or female?
Is the text narrated by a male or female?
What types of roles do women have in the text?
Are the female characters the protagonists or secondary and minor characters?
Do any stereotypical characterizations of women appear?
Questions to Consider
What are the attitudes toward women held by the male characters?
What is the author’s attitude toward women in society?
How does the author’s culture influence his/her attitude?
Is feminine imagery used? If so, what is the significance of such imagery?
Do the female characters speak differently than the male characters?
In your investigation, compare the frequency of speech for the male character to the frequency of speech for the female characters.
Kate Chopin’s “The Story of an Hour”
“The Story of an Hour” a feminist text
—Domestic vs. Public sphere
Article about “The Story of an Hour”
Disorders of the endocrine system affect many individuals. Providing multidimensional patient care can be challenging for patients experiencing these disorders. Ensuring the plan of care meets the patient and family needs is important in order to increase adherence to proper medical treatment following discharge.
What does it mean to provide a multidimensional approach? Provide at least three examples of how the care team can meet the patient and the family’s needs? List at least three care team members and how are they involved in providing multidimensional care?