Literature Review on Life of Naruto Essay
In Masashi Kishimoto’s Naruto Vol. I, both nurture and nature play parts in the behavior, goals, relationships, and physical capabilities of the titular character, Naruto.
The first area nurture and nature influence are Naruto’s behavior. When readers are first introduced to Naruto, he is pulling a prank and gets in trouble for it. Readers soon discover that this is a common occurrence. Naruto himself admits to this when he tells his ninja training group that “My hobbies are pranks and practical jokes” (Kishimoto, 115).
Nurture could explain Naruto’s mischievous behavior. Naruto has been ostracized his whole life. Due to that, Naruto may have a preoccupied attachment style. Researchers state that “Adolescents with a preoccupied attachment style might exhibit behavior and delinquency problems to attract attention and care from their attachment figures” (Lacasa, 429).
Mizuki, a teacher at Naruto’s school, recognizes that Naruto’s behavioral issues started when Naruto was a young child. Mizuki states that “[Naruto was] willing to accept any criticism, any condemnation, so long as it meant that someone was paying attention to [him]” (Kishimoto, 37).
While nurture does seem to explain Naruto’s behavior, nature could also play a part in it. As an infant Naruto was made into “a living vessel for the imprisonment of the fox [demon],” in order to stop the fox demon from killing everyone in Naruto’s village (Kishimoto, 74). According to Japanese mythology, fox demons, also known as fox spirits and kitsunes, are tricksters and liars (Goff, 66). If Naruto is being influenced by the fox spirit in him, then nature could also explain his behavior.
The second area nurture and nature influence are Naruto’s goals. Naruto is training to become a ninja, also known as a Shinobi. However, Naruto does not want to just be a ninja, who teaches other to become ninjas. Naruto instead wants to be the next Lord Hokage, a title and position given to the best ninja.
Naruto’s goal can be explained by nurture. As stated previously, Naruto is not well liked by most people. Naruto thinks that if he becomes the best ninja “everyone in town will have to give [him] some respect at last” (Kishimoto, 18).
Nature can also offer an explanation for Naruto’s goal. Studies show that on average males are more competitive than females and that “when men and women hold the same selective jobs, men are more likely to prioritize competing for recognition and status” (Harding). Naruto displays those natural male tendencies. Naruto feels very competitive towards Susuke, who is a top ninja student.
Balmain, Colette. “East Asian Gothic: A Definition.” Palgrave Communications, vol. 3, no. 1,
- ProQuest, https://libcatalog.atu.edu:443/login?url=https://libcatalog.atu.edu:2409/docview/2090615597?accountid=8364, doi: http://libcatalog.atu.edu:2097/10.1057/s41599-017-0038-8.
Harding, Eleanor. “There’s Simply no Contest … Men are More Competitive than
Women.” Daily Mail, Apr 22, 2015, pp. 7. ProQuest, https://libcatalog.atu.edu:443/login?url=https://libcatalog.atu.edu:2409/docview/1674613511?accountid=8364.
Kishimoto, Masashi. Naruto Vol. I. San Francisco, CA, Viz Media, January 2006.
Lacasa, Fernando, Merce Mitjavila, and Susana Ochoa. “The Relationship between Attachment
Styles and Internalizing Or Externalizing Symptoms in Clinical and Nonclinical Adolescents.” Anales De Psicología, vol. 31, no. 2, 2015, pp. 422-432. ProQuest, https://libcatalog.atu.edu:443/login?url=https://libcatalog.atu.edu:2409/docview/1681894722?accountid=8364, doi: http://libcatalog.atu.edu:2097/10.6018/analesps.31.2.169711.
Research Paper Draft:
Title: Wrong Room: Uncanny Realities in Spill Zone
Thesis: The titular zone in Spill Zone, a site that could be comfortably called “haunted,” is indeed so, but not just in the way that is most obviously apparent. Rather, it is the point of convergence for both Addison’s own personal psychological “haunting,” the physical manifestation of her guilt, as well as America’s own “haunting,” by its neoliberal, post-Cold War legacies. More succinctly: the zone is the avenue through which all that is repressed resurfaces, on the individual and national scale alike.
Sources: Sigmund Freud’s The Interpretation of Dreams and The Uncanny. Julia Kristeva’s Powers of Horror. Robert C. Solomon’s “Real Horror.” Jacques Lacan’s “The Mirror Stage as Formative of the Function of the I as Revealed in Psychoanalytic Experience.” Hannah Arendt’s “Truth in Politics.” Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak’s A Critique of Postcolonial Reason.
I – Addison’s forays into the zone are not simply commercial ventures, but deeply pathological attempts to position herself in the face of the Real, even (and perhaps especially) if it is horrifying.
II- North Korea’s presence in the story is as a spectre haunting the USA. With communism allegedly dispatched in the Cold War, and America left triumphant, North Korea stands as a sort of geopolitical revenant, a reminder not just of America’s brutality, but its ineffectuality.
III- The change Addison undergoes at the end of Volume One is due to the fact that she has halted the process of repression. By breaking her own rules, she and running the risk of encountering her reanimated parents, she is allowing all that resurfaces in the zone to remain topside- thus, the abject nature of the zone is mirrored at home, not because it is suddenly there where before it was not, but because Addison is at last capable of seeing it- something Lexa has been able to do all the while.
IV- Don Jae lands somewhere between hero and object of horror by the end of the volume, not because he has harnessed the metaphysical power of the spill, but because through his survival and mastery thereof, he has rebuked the American imperial narrative, and illustrates the counterfeit nature of American global hegemony.
Juan Diaz Canales titular character, Blacksad, from his graphic novel series of the same name exhibits many characteristics of the hard-boiled school of detective fiction despite being written in a time when this type of fiction was not in its peak of popularity.
Written decades after this type of detective fiction first started, Blacksad displays many aspects of the hard-boiled school. Canales graphic novel, Blacksad Vol. 1 (find whatever it is called and insert here), has connections to this type of detective fiction in that Blacksad is a tough, lonely private eye and corruption permeates the city he lives in. (I don’t really like this intro and will mess with it later)
- Evidence of Blacksad as a tough lonely guy: Emphasize that he is always working alone and there is no one he is really “close” to
- Pull evidence from the book
- Pull evidence from Beal and maybe Martin
- Blacksad as a tough guy that exhibits hypermasculinity that was typical of this type of fiction as well as some aggression
- Pull evidence from book: Maybe the fights he is in and organized crime he is surrounded by
- Pull evidence from Scharrer
- Continue evidence of Blacksad as lonely because the female character he was close to (Natalia) died. Maybe something about her being a femme fatale?
- Pull from book: This whole volume revolves around her death. She is an unstable character and fits all the characteristics of a femme fatale. Note to self: keep this brief in order to keep it from sounding like a whole different paper. Remember to connect it to the original thesis, so it is not just a floater.
- Pull evidence from Beal
- Look at sources from past femme fatale paper for stuff too
- City as corrupt
- Pull from the book evidence of the crime, and how the crime focuses on different levels of society; however, the “big boss” is a rich and powerful man.
- Maybe also that justice is corrupt in its own way because Blacksad, Smirnov, and that fox guy who “witnesses” something did not tell the whole truth of the events that went down and covered a case that was dismissed.
- Use Gorrara
- Characters are literally metaphors of the city
- Make connections between the characters being literal depictions of what this genre shows the city as. Pull evidence from the people Blacksad encounters like the lizard and rat.
- Maybe Zambrana
- City as a common view of American culture of the time
- Pull evidence that everything sucks from the book
- Use Dixon and Wheat to make connections of how American society was viewed and portrayed in literature of the time hard-boiled detective fiction was popular
Note to self: Make sure that all points clearly tie together to avoid it sounding like a fragmented paper. Emphasize the traits of the hard-boiled school analyzed, and its importance/influence in literature. Maybe mention the shift that modernism caused in the genre if you mentioned it earlier in the paper.
Of course, a Works Cited page will be attached on its own page at the end of the paper.