Process Costing Summary Using Weighted Average
Term 5 Unit 1 Discussions
Chapter 20 Discussion (BUS2123 Principles of Accounting II)
Top of Form
- Explain the process of operations and the way they differ from job order operations.
- Define equivalent units and explain their use in process cost accounting.
- Describe accounting for production activity and the preparation of a process costing summary using weighted average.
Unit 1 DB: What Function of Law is Most Important? (LAW204 Business Law)
Considering the functions of law as defined in the assigned reading for this unit:
- Checking government power and promoting personal freedom
- Facilitating planning and the realization of reasonable expectations
- Promoting economic growth through free competition
- Promoting social justice and protecting the environment.
Explain which function of the law, in your opinion, is the most important. Can the government legislate morality? Explain.
In response to your peers, consider your peers’ response. If they disagree with your response, consider the factual assumptions they have made which form the foundation of their opinion. Can you challenge those assumptions while furthering your discussion? If your responses are similar, consider posing a hypothetical question to test your peer’s conclusions.
Regardless of whether you are an attorney arguing in court or a business stakeholder pitching to shareholders or a potential client, adding support for your argument from appropriate resources strengthens your content. For this discussion board, be sure to include a citation to an appropriate source that supports the point you are making. (HINT: Your textbook is a great source!)
* Unit 1 Discussion: The Case of Almeada (HSV101 Introduction to Human Services)
(*****CASE ON 2 LAST PAGE OF ATTACHED DOCUMENT)
After reading the story of Almeada and baby in Chapter 1, in what ways are social care, social control and social rehabilitation applied to Almeada and baby Anne? What role does case management play in the life of Almeada and baby Anne? What challenges would Almeada face without the support of human services? Be specific and use evidence from the readings to support your answer.
Unit 1 Discussion: Graphical Displays of Data (MAT220 Statistics I)
Graphical displays are used to provide the viewer information that illustrates qualitative or quantitative information about the data set under review. After reading the assigned sections in Chapter 2, please provide an example of where you think a graphical display could be used incorrectly. What ramification(s) do you think could result from the graphical display in your example being used incorrectly?
1-1dSocial Care, Social Control, and Rehabilitation
There are several ways that those planning for and delivering human services may focus their work. Social care, social control, and rehabilitation represent three such approaches (Neugeboren, 1991). Social care is assisting clients in meeting their social needs, with the focus on those who cannot care for themselves. The elderly, children, people with mental disabilities or mental illness, and victims of crime, disasters, or crises are populations who might need social care.
Social control differs from social care in two fundamental ways: who receives the services and under what conditions they receive them. Social care is given to those who cannot provide for themselves (either temporarily or in the long term). In contrast, most recipients of social control are able to care for themselves but either have failed to do so or have done so in a manner that violates society’s norms for appropriate behavior.
Often society, rather than the individual, determines who receives services that represent social control. The purpose of such services is to restrict or monitor clients’ independence for a time because the clients have violated laws of the community. Children, youth, and adults in the criminal justice system are examples of clients of social control.
Rehabilitation is the task of returning an individual to a prior level of functioning. What creates the need for rehabilitation? An individual who was once able to live independently becomes unable to function socially, physically, or psychologically. The inability to function can be caused by a crisis, a reversal of economic or social circumstances, an accident, or other circumstances.
Rehabilitative services, which are designed to enable the individual to function near or at a prior level of independence, can have a short- or long-term focus. Veterans, people with physical disabilities, and victims of psychological trauma are among those who receive rehabilitative human services.
In actuality, separating these three functions of human services is often difficult. Many clients have multiple problems, so social care, social control, and rehabilitation may be occurring at the same time. For instance, in a local urban shelter for victims of domestic violence, the goals of social control include remaining drug and alcohol free, meeting obligations to the criminal justice system, and paying a nominal rent for their room.
Clients lose their rooms if they violate any of these provisions. These restrictions are matched with social care such as a key to their room, kitchen and recreational privileges, educational programs, health care, mental health care, and child care. Ultimately, the client hopes for rehabilitation and a return to the world of work and long-term secure housing.
Almeada finally became involved in the human service system in mid-autumn when she was seven months pregnant. Embarrassed about her pregnancy, she refused to go to school. She continued to work at the neighborhood store. Life was easier for her parents when Almeada did not go to school. She was available to translate for them and help with their daily living needs. Her friends often missed school as well, so she saw them every day when they came to the grocery store to do their shopping. At evening, they all gathered at a shop in the neighborhood.
Two new programs were started at Almeada’s school to provide more comprehensive support to many of its students. One program—Students, Parents Are Receiving KARE (SPARK)—targeted students who had irregular attendance, low math and reading scores, no discipline record, and no positive teacher reports. In the fall, the school officials noted that Almeada, who qualified for this new program, had not returned to school after the summer vacation.
The second program—Students, Parents Each Are Special (SPEAS)—provided health care and other services to teen mothers. The case manager of SPARK, Barbara LaRosa, visited the most recent address on the school records and found Almeada’s father at home. He was reluctant to talk with her and to give her information about Almeada. When she talked to the neighbors, they suggested she try the grocery store where Almeada worked. LaRosa found Almeada in the middle of her shift and made an appointment to pick her up after work and take her home.
In the next few months, Barbara LaRosa provided social care for Almeada and then for her baby, Anne. She connected with Almeada by phone and text and tried to check in with her at least three times a week. The school offered Almeada several options for continuing her education: She could receive homebound instruction until and after the baby was born, she could come back to school, or she could attend a special night school for potential dropouts who work during the day. LaRosa also referred Almeada to the SPEAS program. Almeada attended a prenatal care class taught by a local teacher one night a week at the school. Because of Almeada’s youth and lack of parental support, LaRosa discussed with Almeada the options of keeping the baby or placing it for adoption. She also took Almeada to the health clinic located in the school to further discuss these options. Almeada remained sure that she wanted to keep her child. LaRosa introduced Almeada to the welfare staffer who was available on school grounds one day a week. Almeada rejected welfare as an option.
Once the baby was born, Almeada needed rehabilitative assistance but, instead, she only missed a few days of work at the grocery store when Almeada was born. She had hoped her mother would care for Anne while she was at work, but her mother was unwell and unable to help. In addition, their small one-room apartment was just not big enough for all of them including her father’s cousin and his wife who had recently illegally crossed the border. Instead of receiving rehabilitative services, Almeada moved to a new neighborhood, rented a one-room apartment, and found a new job working in a garment factory six days a week. In her new neighborhood, Almeada again had neither human service support nor social support.